- Ideal storage temperatures: Red Wine: 12˚C > 19˚C, White Wine: 8˚C > 12˚C, Champagne: 5˚C - 8˚C.
- Purpose built wine rooms and wine refrigerators provide the best conditions to store wine.
- Wine is best stored in a dark room, vibration free and humidity under 70%.
Wine should be stored at the correct temperature to ensure a wine’s flavour and balance remains. You don’t want a wine to age prematurely or be ruined by its storage conditions so it is very important to know what the optimal wine storage temperatures and conditions are for your bottles of wine.
Wines are most often damaged by extreme fluctuations in temperature. This can be prevented with Wineware’s ‘Wine Storage Temperature Guide’ which provides useful information on how best to store your bottles of wine.
Wine storage options
There are three main ways to store your bottles of wine safely and securely:
- Wine cellar – this is the ideal way to store your wine bottles, temperature and humidity controlled ideally. Wine cellars are a cost effective solution for storing wine and are bespoke from one home to another. You can organise your wine bottles in a variety of ways, such as by the wine’s region for instance France with Bordeaux, Bourgogne, Alsace, Loire, Rhone and other French regions.
Another way to organise wine is by vintage, if you collect a certain wine, store them in numeric order (vertical collection). Wine bottle neck tags are extremely useful to write down the most important information about your bottle of wine, especially name and date on front (with other information listed on the back).
- A makeshift closet wine cellar – this is ideal for wine lovers and enthusiasts. It is a simple and quick way to store your wine bottles in any size space (small or large) in your house. You can search for online guidance and videos on how to create your own makeshift closet wine cellar.
If you have a spare walk in wardrobe, cupboard or room you can transform it into a unique closet wine cellar! However this option does not have a temperature control. A makeshift closet wine cellar is perfect for an everyday drinker but not as effective as long term storage.
- A wine cabinet or refrigerator – these are reliable ways to maintain the temperature of your wine bottles and are a worthwhile investment for wine professionals and wine merchants. Wine cabinets/refrigerators are available in a variety of sizes catering for all size collections.
Ideal wine storage conditions
- Wine should not be stored with anything that has a strong, potent smell as this can taint the wine and cork. Good ventilation in your wine storage facility is preferable as this stops musty odours from entering the wine.
- Wine is best kept in the dark and free from vibration. It is advised that you do not move bottles of wine too much/vigorously as this can spoil the wine. Wine should be stored away from the light as direct sunlight/fluorescent fixture can ruin the wine.
If you are unable to keep a bottle shaded from the light then completely cover and wrap the bottle with a cloth as this will offer more protection. Alternatively store the wine bottle inside a cardboard box.
- Humidity is vital to the condition of the wine. If the humidity is too high then this offers the perfect conditions for mould to grow and the wine bottle labels to loosen and deteriorate. Therefore it is advised that humidity does not exceed 70%.
You can monitor the humidity with a thermohygrometer; this determines the need to either humidify/dehumidify air if required. A dehumidifier can be installed to control the moisture conditions of the room.
Optimal wine storing temperatures
Wineware has provided this information to be used as a general guide to help you store your wine; remember this is not the case for all wines and should only be used as a rough guide.
The perfect temperature does depend on a variety of factors, including: how much fruit, alcohol and tannin the wine contains. As a general rule of thumb wine should be stored around 11-14˚c (52-57°F). Wine storage temperatures should never go over 24˚c as otherwise wines begin to oxidise and this negatively affects the wine.
A wine storage temperature should always be kept as constant as possible as fluctuations can cause severe damage to the wine. A wine needs a constant temperature all year round to mature correctly.
Wineware has provided the tables below to help you know the optimum storage temperature for your wine (click here to download PDF).
Ideal storage temperature for wine
|Wine||Temperature (˚F)||Temperature (˚C)|
|Cabernet Sauvignon, Red Burgundy, Barbaresco, Barbera, Barolo, Brunello, Recioto, Malbec
|Shiraz, Zinfandel, Grand Cru Bordeaux, Ribera del Duero, Carmenere
|Vintage Port, Banyuls, Madeira
|Young Spanish and Portuguese Wines
|Chinon, Sherry, Tawny Port
|Light Zinfandels, Chianti
|Pinot Noir, Merlot, Rioja, Bordeaux (Young)
|Alsace Riesling, Italian Whites, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Gris, Pouilly Fume, Pouilly Fuissé, Gruner Veltliner
|Chenin Blanc, Bordeaux Blanc, Sauvignon Blanc
|Condrieu, White Burgundy
|Full-bodied Chardonnay and Graves
Sparkling wines and sweet wines
|Asti spumante, Cava
|Non-vintage Champagne and Sparkling Wine
|Sweet Vouvray, Tavel, White Zinfandel, Barsac, Icewine, Tokaji, Sauternes, Auslese, Beerenauslese, Trockenbeerenauslese, Sake
|Vintage Champagne, Muscats, Riesling (New World) and Sparkling Wine
How long can wine be stored?
It is important to remember to store wine for the appropriate amount of time. “All wines improve over time.” This is not true for all wines and generally inexpensive wines will not improve.
As a general rule of thumb, red wines can be stored for between 2-10 years depending on the sugar, acid and tannin content. Many fine red wines can be aged for up to 100 years! White wines on the other hand are generally only stored for to 2-3 years. However some chardonnays can be stored/aged for over 20 years.
Useful wine storing tips/advice
- If you store your wine horizontally this keeps the cork moist and thus minimises the chance of the cork drying and then shrinking allowing air to enter your bottle of wine.
- You can protect wine bottle labels by using plastic protectors or cellar sleeves. These are useful in damp or moist storage settings.
- Make sure when you serve your wine you adjust the temperature, allowing the wine to rise or fall to the appropriate temperature. If you require further advice regarding optimum serving temperature please see Wineware’s ‘Perfect Drinking Temperature for Wine Guide’.
- Do not leave a bottle of wine in the freezer as this will be detrimental to the wine and could also cause damage if the wine was to freeze and expand thus possibly causing the bottle to shatter.
- Most importantly, collect and store bottles of wine you like! Collecting bottles of wine can be an extremely enjoyable activity and with the right storage solution, you can really make the most of your wine bottle collection.
If you require any further information or advice on how to store your wine bottles (or other size bottles) please do not hesitate to contact us. Wineware also has a ‘Perfect Drinking Temperature for Wine Guide’ to help you get the best out of you wine serving it at the optimum temperature.